今天這一篇要搶在part 3 之前發表,因為這篇的目的是補充作答上的迷思,
                                                                               
分享更多細節,廢話不多說,以下正題開始。
                                                                               
迷思ㄧ:
                                                                               
秒數要講完,講得剛剛好。
                                                                               
                                                                               
實際上如果有留下幾秒也是ok的,前提是你的答案已經很完整,如果是為了將
                                                                               
答案變得很多一直講,反而超出秒數,得不償失,重要的是你沒有自己的結構,
                                                                               
整個回答的骨架不見了,這才是失血最多的地方,剩下大約5~6秒是可以接受的,
                                                                               
如果你還是不習慣有空白的話,可以發展自己的結尾,
                                                                               
例如:this is my answer to the question.

迷思二:
                                                                               
要講的很豐富!!
                                                                               
                                                                               
前面有板友分享過托福familiar topic的內容應該是很豐富的,才會高分,
                                                                               
文句結構很完整又多變的,這是最理想的狀況,不過一下子就急著達成會弄巧成拙,
                                                                               
所以大家應該由簡入繁,針對一個問題,給一個答案,輔以一到兩個例子佐證。
                                                                               
再嘗試將自己的句子用比較復雜的文法表現。
                                                                               
以Familiar topic為例,一開始就要切題:
                                                                               
What's your ideal marriage partner?

My ideal husband has to be considerate and trustworthing.
                                                                               
                                                                               
接下來可以加以說明並舉例:
                                                                               
                                                                               
Because I think these two personailities are the most important thing for two
                                                                               
people if they want to live together for lifetime.
                                                                               
Like my parents, though my father had worked abroad for over 15 years
                                                                               
but my mother have trusted and supprted him for almost 30 years. When I was a
                                                                               
kid, sometimes I they fought over the phone but one of them would apologize
                                                                               
first and they got along again. They told me they don't want to one of them
                                                                               
is sad when living without the other one.
                                                                               
接下來就可以結尾:

So I learned from my parents that being considerate and trustworthing are the
                                                                               
most important for an ideal marriage partner.
                                                                               
                                                                               
沒有用到很深的詞,但是整個結構要順,因此在練口說時,講爆一題要練到好為止,
                                                                               
可強化對該範圍生字的認識,如果遇到類似的題目就可以拿出來用了,這也是我為什麼
                                                                               
強調生字的原因之ㄧ。

迷思三:
                                                                               
強者我朋友英文很好,在美國唸很久的書,這次竟然也考跟我一樣的分數,
                                                                               
托福口說是不是沒有標準?

應該是說,新制托福是針對要繼續高等教育的人設計的測驗,因此有自己的作答方式
                                                                               
與邏輯,不熟的人很容易出錯。通常第一個原因是緊張,托福考試是有限時的,
                                                                               
連準備時間都很短,就算再流利的人,也有可能會慌亂,因此組織力在這裡就佔了很大
                                                                               
的地位,有人天生組織力就很好,所以很容易就可以把答案重組說過,而不是覆頌會話
                                                                               
內容或是題目,這樣的回答自然高分。
                                                                               
第二個可能的原因是通常口語很流利的人不一定文法結構全對,甚至是Native speaker
                                                                               
也會有文法錯誤,因此在評分上,如果有些許的文法錯誤卻又沒有馬上更正的話,評分
                                                                               
上會有影響,評分的人不知道你其實文法很好,他只聽到你講成he don't,如果你很緊張
                                                                               
,這種小錯累積到一定的量,那文法上它就判定你不是很好。再說如果你不趁現在改正,
                                                                               
以後在美國教授面前繼續犯錯,就可惜了。

迷思四:
                                                                               
托福變很難,每所學校要求都很高?
                                                                               
                                                                               
托福另加入口說是為了測試或者篩選你有無在美國求學的能力,部分解決了很多
                                                                               
教授只見GRE不知其人溝通能力的困擾,至少他知道你可以溝通的,說部分解決是因為
                                                                               
學生都會跟教授通信,這一點大家都可以寫得很多很豐富,因此教授才會認識妳們,
                                                                               
但是當面表達也是很重要而且是最難了解的,加上國際學生也會有校園糾紛跟一開始上課
                                                                               
聽不太懂的問題,因此托福口說才會誕生。有些學校或Program甚至就乾脆把口說標準設\
定很高,因為在那些教授的認知下,
                                                                               
該學域就是需要很好的英文才可以學習,像是UIUC的人文社會還是歷史領域,獸醫同等
                                                                               
學力認證,還有護士認證,這些都是需要跟美國人直接溝通,甚至擔任指導的位置,
                                                                               
自然英文要求就需要很高。

托福本身的好處也是壞處,因為學生不可能發生類似的校園情況,或是需要短時間內
                                                                               
馬上反應給相關單位,這麼rush的限制似乎是不必要的,所以會造成學生制式化的回答,
                                                                               
沒法像ILETS那樣維持人性化的評分,不過托福口說造成亞洲學生瘋狂練習口說的現象
                                                                               
是無庸置疑的。

這是最後一篇,寫完以後就可以把托福版從我的最愛裡移除,以下正文開始。
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                                                               
希望大家都可以是炸彈,把ETS炸光光!!!
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                                                               
前面有人問到應該是像講話般的回答還是像演講一樣,我的建議是像一般講話方式回答就
                                                                               
可以了,就算即席演講也沒有這麼短的時間,把你知道的表達出來就可以,以前我也覺得
                                                                               
是不是要像演講一樣一口氣講到完,結構很嚴謹,但是這樣反而讓我過度注意小細節,
                                                                               
回答到一半就卡在某個句子裡,反而不是很順,以5/9北美口說第六題為例:
                                                                               
講咖啡豆跟野草的關係,一般人以為野草會跟咖啡豆搶養分,實際上野草會幫助農夫讓咖

啡豆生長得更好,理由有二,第一是野草可以協助抓住山坡上肥沃土壤,不讓大雨沖到那
                                                                               
層養分,使咖啡豆可以長得更好,第二個理由是有種特殊的害蟲喜歡吃咖啡樹的葉子,
                                                                               
但是牠們更愛吃野草,所以農夫將野草種在咖啡豆之間,減少蟲害。
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                                                               
一開始準備作答時會想說要像演講一樣起承轉合,其實文章本身已經幫你處理好這部份,
                                                                               
照著文章提到的講下去即可:
                                                                               
                                                                               
The professor gave two functions how wile weeds can promote the growth of
                                                                               
coffee trees. First of all, the weeds can help to preseve the fertile/
                                                                               
nutritious/rich/productive soil while pouring rain on the hils, thus the
                                                                               
coffee trees can grow/develop better. The second function is to help to
                                                                               
control the pest. There is a special insect which likes to eat coffee leaves

but as a matter of fact, they like to eat the weeds better than coffee tree.
                                                                               
Therefore the farmers plant/grow/embed weeds between coffee trees so that the
                                                                               
insect will eat the weeds first instead of coffee trees.
                                                                               
                                                                               
較為正式的對話中,像是教授上課、超市的人跟你解釋家電怎麼用、學校註冊組的人跟
                                                                               
你講話,其實也是用到很多字的,並沒有一定要到演講才會有完整的結構,所以不用太
                                                                               
擔心會講爆,有心練習就一定可以答到你要的分數。
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                                                               
再來是怎麼練聽力,我是用ESL的網站,還有付費下載他們的講義,有補充很多的詞彙,
                                                                               
另外ESL網站的廣播都很慢,不僅可以聽內容,還可以學習怎麼發音。再來就是
                                                                               
Scientific American,我考試前兩個禮拜,每天一定ESL還有Scientific American各一篇

ESL來不及聽就洗完澡一邊擦乳液吹頭髮一邊放著聽。
                                                                               
                                                                               
接著是資源分享,其實我也使一點點在板上收集而來的,
                                                                               
我把我用過的網站都貼在下面:
                                                                               
Time 
http://www.time.com/time
                                                                               
BusinessWeek 
http://www.businessweek.com/
                                                                               
CBS News 
http://www.cbsnews.com/?source=homepage_refresh
                                                                               
Earth&Sky 
http://www.earthsky.org/
                                                                               
ESL 
http://www.eslpod.com/website/
                                                                               
Scientific American 
http://www.sciam.com/podcast/

其他是我有但是沒怎麼用到的:
                                                                               
字神帝國 
http://www.wordgod.com/
                                                                               
BBC Learning Eng 
http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/index.shtml
                                                                               
NPR 
http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/index.shtml
                                                                               
Merriam-Webster 
http://www.merriam-webster.com/
                                                                               
VOA 
http://www.voanews.com/english/portal.cfm
                                                                               
                                                                               
沒用到是因為我不太會用Podcast,哈哈!
                                                                               
                                                                               
其實當初是因為想要趕著把學力認證的考試考過,趕在時間內報名,所以才會報這麼多次
                                                                               
,這是錯誤示範。當初一直沒過心情很苦悶,也很擔心預算被自己的蠢笨花光,可是我
                                                                               
知道自己想要走的就是這條路,因此還是打算再試一次,這段時間只是一個過程,考過了
                                                                               
就繼續往下走,大家很辛苦,但都是必要的,加油!

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